Ha Long bay
Located in Northeast of Vietnam, Ha Long Bay is a part of the Gulf of Tonkin, including the waters of Ha Long City, Cam Pha Town and a part of Van Don Island District. The bay borders with Cat Ba Island to the south-west, the sea to the east, the rest is adjacent to the mainland with a coastline of 120 km,
Halong Bay has two types of limestone islands and shale islands, mainly in the southeast (in Bai Tu Long Bay) and south west (in the Ha Long Bay) Geological was formed from 250 - 280 million years ago. The densely populated rocky landscape and many beautiful caves are known as the central natural heritage of Ha Long Bay, including Ha Long Bay and a part of Bai Tu Long Bay.
Because HaLong bay is located in both tropical and temperate regions, it has four distinct seasons each year. The average temperature is around 22 ° C. The period from May to October is when Ha Long Bay receives a lot of rainfall. Winter is 4 to 5 months, while spring and autumn are shorter. The period from August to October is the rainy season so tourists do not travel to Ha Long at that time.
There are total 1,969 islands in Ha Long nowadays, but only 40 are inhabited. These islands range in size from a few tens to thousands of hectares, mainly in the East and Southeast of Ha Long Bay. In recent decades, many thousands of fishing households live floating on the water have come to some islands to settle and have made the pristine islands become rich as Sa To Island (Ha Long City), Thang Loi Island (Van Don district).
The World Heritage Site has an area of 434 km2, including 775 islands. It looks like a triangle with three peaks of Dau Go Island in the west, Ba Ham Lake in the south, and Cong Tay Island in the east, the adjacent area is the buffer zone and the national scenic site ranked by the Ministry of Culture and Information in 1962.
With such special values, on December 17, 1994, at the 18th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Council held in Thailand, Ha Long Bay was officially recognized as a Natural Heritag , affirming the global value of the World Natural Heritage Ha Long Bay.
Halong Bay is a unique heritage because this place contains important vestiges in the process of forming and developing the earth's history. It is the residence of the ancient Vietnamese people and a really work of art, great shape of nature with the presence of thousands of islands and many interesting caves clustered to become a lively and mysterious world. In addition, Ha Long Bay is a place where high biodiversity is concentrated with typical ecosystem and thousands of species of plants and animals which are extremely rich and diverse. It is also associated with the cultural values - the heroic history of the nation.
There are hundreds of islands, each island carries a different lively shape like Dau Nguoi island, Rong island, La Vong island, Canh Buom island, Hon Tam island, Lu Huong island ... Hidden in the rocks are beautiful caves associated with many miraculous legends such as Thien Cung, Dau Go, Sung Sot Cave, Trinh Nu Cave, Tam Cung Cave...
The population of Ha Long Bay is about 1,540 people, mainly living in Cua Van, Ba Hang and Cap De fishing villages (Hung Thang ward, Ha Long city). Residents of the bay mostly live on boats, on rafts to facilitate the fishing, breeding aquatic and marine species. Today the life of Ha Long Bay residents has developed due to business travel services.
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